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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 54-55

Financial health burden and developing countries in COVID-19

1 Department of Finance and Banking, College of Business Administration, Jazan University, Jazan, KSA
2 Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Sebha University, Sebha, Libya

Date of Submission06-Feb-2021
Date of Acceptance07-Feb-2021
Date of Web Publication14-May-2021

Correspondence Address:
Fatma Ahmed
Faculty of Dentistry, Sebha University, Sebha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/dmr.dmr_5_21

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How to cite this article:
Syed NK, Khan R, Ahmed F. Financial health burden and developing countries in COVID-19. Dent Med Res 2021;9:54-5

How to cite this URL:
Syed NK, Khan R, Ahmed F. Financial health burden and developing countries in COVID-19. Dent Med Res [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Dec 2];9:54-5. Available from: https://www.dmrjournal.org/text.asp?2021/9/1/54/315968

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is caused by a newly identified single-stranded enveloped nonsegmented positive-sense β-coronavirus RNA virus.[1] This novel virus with its origin in Wuhan has not only turned into a global pandemic but has also had a severe adverse toll on the global economy and financial markets.[2],[3],[4] COVID-19 has affected >104 million as of February 2021 and has caused 2.2 million deaths.[5] Thereby it has changed the dynamics of how the world functioned by having crippling lockdowns, cancellation of public transport, especially air travel industry. It appears that this pandemic will have a permanent seismic shift in the functioning of trade, travel, politics, and policies.[4] Hence, it is estimated that it will require decades to estimate and understand both direct and indirect full financial cost of this pandemic.[6],[7]

  Public Health Sector Top

The health sector in countries across the economic spectrum had borne the brunt of this pandemic. Various mechanisms were put in place to cope with pandemic stress. Multiple guidelines were issued to explain the situation and organise the health sector in dealing with COVID-19 patients and other ailments in the pandemic situation.[8],[9],[10] However, developing countries are susceptible to pandemic situations, especially like the current one. They have the most vulnerable weak health system capacity plagued with poor infrastructure, inadequate quality of care and inequal distribution of healthcare assets and access to health care.[11] The governments should restructure their budgets and increase their expenditure on health care, rejuvenate investment and have a robust healthcare workforce as this pandemic has shown the catastrophic effects of neglecting healthcare.

  Private Health Sector Top

The private health sector is fairly present in developing countries and its share of healthcare is growing.[12],[13] The private sector works under the guidelines and stewardship of the government. The private sector also is involved in supply chains of essential types of medical equipment, maintenance of hospitals, running of clinics, nursing homes and hospitals, provision of insurance, medical education as well as training.[14],[15] However, the effects of these government regulations and coordination efforts on the quality of private for-profit healthcare services is unknown.[16]

The government in developing countries should work in tandem with the private health sector to improve public understanding of diseases, accelerate transparent policy-making and implement accountable tailor-made policies keeping an eye on the availability of resources and limitations. A seamless transition in health-sector should be built that takes the best of the government-sponsored public health sector and the private-owned private health sector.[13],[17]

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Basheer SN, Peeran SW. Coronavirus disease-2019: A brief overview. Dent Med Res 2020;8:1.  Back to cited text no. 1
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Pak A, Adegboye OA, Adekunle AI, Rahman KM, McBryde ES, Eisen DP. Economic consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak: The need for epidemic preparedness. Front Public Health 2020;8:241.  Back to cited text no. 3
Açikgöz Ö, Günay A. The early impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global and Turkish economy. Turk J Med Sci 2020;50:520-6.  Back to cited text no. 4
The Visual and Data Journalism Team. COVID-19 Pandemic: Tracking the Global Coronavirus Outbreak. BBC News. Published December 29, 2020. Available from: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-5123510. [Last accessed on 2020 December 30].  Back to cited text no. 5
Sedghi F, Gholian Aval M, Vahedian Sharoodi M. Strengthening health systems; the basis for controlling corona virus pandemics. Health Scope 2020;9:e106207. [doi: 10.5812/jhealthscope. 106207].  Back to cited text no. 6
Triggle N. Coronavirus: What is the Hidden Health Cost? BBC News. Published April 28, 2020. Available from: https://www.bbc.com/news/health-52461034. [Last accessed on 2020 December 30].  Back to cited text no. 7
Website. Available from: https://www.england.nhs.uk/coronavirus/publication/specialty-guides/. [Last accessed on 2021 February 06].  Back to cited text no. 8
Indian Medical Association. Available from: https://ima-india.org/ima/pages.php?id=37. [Last accessed on 2021 February 06].  Back to cited text no. 9
[INSIDE:1] MOH Publications-COVID-19 Guidelines. Available from: https://www.moh.gov.sa/en/Ministry/MediaCenter/Publications/Pages/covid19.aspx. [Last accessed on 2021 February 06].  Back to cited text no. 10
Jensen L, Molina GG. COVID 19 and Health System Vulnerabilities in the Poorest Developing Countries. United Nations Development Programme. Availble from: https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/transitions-series/covid-19-and-health-system-vulnerabilities-in-the-poorest-develo. html. [Last accessed on 2021 February 06].  Back to cited text no. 11
Sengupta A, Nundy S. The private health sector in India. BMJ 2005;331:1157-8.  Back to cited text no. 12
Govindaraj R, Navaratne K, Cavagnero E, Seshadri SR. Health Care in Sri Lanka: What Can the Private Health Sector Offer? Published online June 2014. Available from: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/20053127/health-care-sri-lanka-can-private-health-sector-offer. [Last accessed on 2021 February 06].  Back to cited text no. 13
• Malleshi SN. Financial aspects of periodontal treatment. In: Peeran SW, Ramalingam K, editors. Essentials of Periodontics and Oral Implantology. Chennai, India;Saranyaraj Publishers;2021. ISBN: 9788195047543.  Back to cited text no. 14
Health Financing Team. Priorities for the Health Financing Response to COVID-19. World Health Organization. Published March 31, 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/health-financing/health-financing-response-to-covid-19.pdf? sfvrsn=4f12c479_1. [Last accessed on 2021 February 06].  Back to cited text no. 15
Wiysonge CS, Abdullahi LH, Ndze VN, Hussey GD. Public stewardship of private for-profit healthcare providers in low- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016:CD009855. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD009855.pub2.  Back to cited text no. 16
Chowdhury AZ, Jomo KS. Responding to the COVID-19 pandemic in developing countries: lessons from selected countries of the global south. Development (Rome) 2020;63:162-71.  Back to cited text no. 17


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