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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 24-28

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Primary Health-Care Workers toward NOMA Disease in Sokoto

1 Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
2 Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
3 Noma Children Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
4 Department of Dental Surgery, Federal Medical Centre Gusau, Gusau, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Mujtaba Bala
Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usman Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/dmr.dmr_33_22

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Background: Noma is a quickly progressing and neglected opportunistic infection which if left untreated can result in a sequelae of severe facial destruction and death. Early detection and prompt treatment is paramount to the prevention of its sequelae. The aim of this study, was therefore, to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practices of primary healthcare workers towards Noma in Sokoto state, Nigeria. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study approved by the Sokoto State ministry of health. Participants consented were recruited using self-administered questionnaire between July, 2022 and August, 2022.The questionnaire consisted of 10 and 16 questions covering the domains of knowledge and, attitude/practices respectively. The total score for each domain was obtained and then categorized as low (less than or equals to 50%), fair (51 to 69%) and good (70% and above). Data was analyzed using SPSS version 25. Results: A total of 251 participants filled and returned the questionnaires. There were 151(60.2%) males and 100(39.8%) females in the age range of 22-57years with a mean±SD of 34.9±8.5 years. Out of 251 participants, 210(83.7%) were aware of Noma. The total score recorded in both the knowledge and attitude/practice domains were 75% and 78% respectively. Conclusion: The basic knowledge and attitude/practices of NOMA among primary healthcare workers in our clime was good. Therefore, there is need for continuing medical education among this groups of healthcare workers considering their role as the first contact health personnel in the community.

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